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Wind shear: Quiz

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Question 1: The air masses usually differ in temperature and may also differ in ________.
WindPrecipitation (meteorology)Water vaporHumidity

Question 2: Weather fronts are boundaries between two masses of air of different ________, or different temperature and moisture properties, which normally are convergence zones in the wind field and are the principal cause of significant weather.
IronCopperGoldDensity

Question 3: Cold fronts feature narrow bands of thunderstorms and ________, and may be preceded by squall lines and dry lines.
Precipitation (meteorology)Severe weatherMesoscale convective systemRain

Question 4: The stronger the ________ is, the stronger the resultant vertical wind shear will become.
TornadoWeather radarThunderstormOutflow boundary

Question 5: Soaring related to wind shear, also called dynamic soaring, is a technique used by soaring birds, like ________, who can maintain flight without wing flapping.
ProcellariidaeAlbatrossSeabirdProcellariiformes

Question 6: Daytime heating thickens the boundary layer as winds at the surface become increasingly mixed with winds aloft due to ________, or solar heating.
Direct insolationInsolationSeasonSunlight

Question 7: Wind gradient can have a noticeable effect on ________, also known as winch launches or wire launches.
Powered hang gliderHang glidingLift (soaring)Gliding

Question 8: ________ are basically heat engines that are fueled by the temperature gradient between the warm tropical ocean surface and the colder upper atmosphere.
Tropical cyclone basinsRainEye (cyclone)Tropical cyclone

Question 9: Wind shear affects ________ in motion by presenting a different wind speed and direction at different heights along the mast.
Fore-and-aft rigSail-planYachtSailboat

Question 10: Wind shear can have a pronounced effect upon sound propagation in the lower atmosphere, where waves can be "bent" by ________ phenomenon.
Refractive indexRefractionOpticsMetamaterial







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