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Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome: Quiz


Question 1: Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome (WFS) or hemorrhagic adrenalitis is a disease of the adrenal glands most commonly caused by the bacterium ________.
Haemophilus influenzaeNeisseria meningitidisPathogenic bacteriaNeisseria gonorrhoeae

Question 2: ________ can sometimes reverse the hypoadrenal shock.

Question 3: ________ can cause adrenal insufficiency,[5] especially in the immunocompromised.
Erythema infectiosumCytomegalovirusAIDSHepatitis B

Question 4: The infection leads to massive ________ into one or (usually) both adrenal glands.
Gastrointestinal bleedingPurpuraBleedingBruise

Question 5: Meningococcus is another term for the bacterial species ________, blood infection with which usually underlies WFS.
Neisseria gonorrhoeaeNeisseria meningitidisPathogenic bacteriaHaemophilus influenzae

Question 6: ________ has recently also been implicated in pediatric WFS.
Pathogenic bacteriaClostridium difficileMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusStaphylococcus aureus

Question 7: [1] It is characterized by overwhelming bacterial infection meningococcemia, low blood pressure and shock, ________ (DIC) with widespread purpura, and rapidly developing adrenocortical insufficiency.
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpuraThrombotic thrombocytopenic purpuraDisseminated intravascular coagulationThrombocytopenic purpura


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