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Virology: Quiz

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Question 1: When the immune system of a vertebrate encounters a virus, it produces specific ________ which bind to the virus and mark it for destruction.
Polyclonal B cell responseAntibodyAutoantibodyAdaptive immune system

Question 2: A worldwide vaccination campaign led by the UN ________ resulted in the eradication of smallpox in 1979.
SwitzerlandUniversal Postal UnionWorld Health OrganizationFood and Agriculture Organization

Question 3: Viruses arose as parts of the genome of cells, most likely transposons or ________, that acquired the ability to "break free" from the host cell and infect other cells.
BacteriaDNAPlasmidArchaea

Question 4: Another classification uses the geometrical shape of their capsid (often a helix or an ________) or the virus's structure (e.g.
OctahedronDodecahedronIcosahedronPolyhedron

Question 5: The first such drug was ________, a substance that is naturally produced by certain immune cells when an infection is detected and stimulates other parts of the immune system.
Interferon alfa-2bInterferon-gammaInterferonPeginterferon alfa-2a

Question 6: For a use in mapping ________ see Pseudorabies#Applications in Neuroscience.
Glial cellPhotoreceptor cellNervous systemNeuron

Question 7: Oncolytic viruses are viruses that preferably infect ________ cells.
MetastasisCancerCarcinogenesisChemotherapy

Question 8: The first cases of ________ were reported in 1981, and HIV, the retrovirus causing it, was identified in 1983 by Robert Gallo and Luc Montagnier.
AIDS dementia complexHerpes simplexAIDSICD-10 Chapter I: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Question 9: Virology is often considered a part of ________ or of pathology.
Social sciencesPseudoscienceNatural scienceMicrobiology

Question 10: ________, the viruses which infect bacteria, can be relatively easily grown as viral plaques on bacterial cultures.
DNA virusCystovirusBacteriophageRNA virus







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