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Virilization: Quiz


Question 1: Virilization is most commonly used in three medical and ________ contexts: prenatal sexual differentiation, the postnatal changes of normal male puberty, and excessive androgen effects in girls or women.
Biology of genderGender differencesEvolutionary psychology controversyBiology and sexual orientation

Question 2: In common as well as medical usage, virilization often refers to the process of normal male ________, in which testosterone changes a boy's body into a man's.
PregnancyPrenatal developmentPubertySexual differentiation

Question 3: Prenatal virilization (or masculinization) of a genetically female fetus can occur when an excessive amount of androgen is produced by the fetal ________ or is present in maternal blood.
TesticleAdrenal glandEndocrine systemThyroid

Question 4: In the prenatal period, virilization refers to closure of the perineum, thinning and rugation of the scrotum, growth of the phallus, and closure of the urethral groove to the tip of the ________.
PenisRectumBreastReproductive system

Question 5: Virilization in a woman can manifest as clitoral enlargement, increased muscle strength, acne, hirsutism, frontal hair thinning, deepening of the voice, and menstrual disruption due to ________.
MenorrhagiaPremenstrual syndromeAmenorrhoeaAnovulation

Question 6: In biology and medicine, virilization refers to the biological development of ________, changes which make a male body different from a female body.
Sexual differentiationSexual dimorphismPubertyHuman physiology

Question 7: In a boy, virilization may signal precocious puberty, while ________ and androgen producing tumors (usually) of the gonads or adrenals are occasional causes in both sexes.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiencyCongenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiencyCongenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11β-hydroxylase deficiencyCongenital adrenal hyperplasia

Question 8: ________
Hormone replacement therapy (female-to-male)Endocrine systemHormone replacement therapy (male-to-female)Hormone replacement therapy (menopause)

Question 9: Prenatal virilization of genetic females and undervirilization of genetic males are common causes of ________ and intersex conditions.
TranssexualismThird genderSexual orientationIntersexuality

Question 10: Typical effects of virilization in children are ________, accelerated growth and bone maturation, increased muscle strength, acne, adult body odor, and sometimes growth of the penis.
Bikini waxingHair removalFacial hairPubic hair

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