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Vertebra: Quiz

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Question 1: ________ will result in improper fusion of the vertebrae.
KyphosisLordosisScoliosisSpondylolisthesis

Question 2: In cartilagenous fish, such as ________, the vertebrae consist of two cartilagenous tubes.
SharkAngel sharkBullhead sharkGreat white shark

Question 3: An arch extending from the top of the centrum is called a neural arch, while the hemal arch or chevron is found underneath the centrum in the caudal (tail) vertebrae of ________, most reptiles, some birds, and some mammals with long tails.
FishPelagic fishForage fishFish anatomy

Question 4: During the fourth week of embryonic development, the sclerotomes shift their position to surround the ________ and the notochord.
Grey matterNervous systemHuman brainSpinal cord

Question 5: In living ________, there is simply a cylindrical piece of bone below the vertebral arch, with no trace of the separate elements present in the early tetrapods.
AmphibianBirdChordateReptile

Question 6: Some of this article was copied and pasted from the 1917 Gray's Anatomy, which is in the ________.
Intellectual propertyPublic domainCopyright infringementCopyright

Question 7: Development of the appropriate shapes of the vertebral bodies is regulated by HOX ________.
GeneDNAGeneticsEvolution

Question 8: The vertebral column encases and protects the spinal cord, which runs from the base of the ________ down the dorsal side of the animal until reaching the pelvis.
SkullBoneHuman skullHead and neck anatomy

Question 9: For the most part, the atlanto-occipital joint allows the ________ to move up and down, while the atlanto-axial joint allows the upper neck to twist left and right.
BoneHuman skullSkullHead and neck anatomy

Question 10: The synsacrum is a similar fused structure found in birds that is composed of the sacral, lumbar, and some of the thoracic and caudal vertebra, as well as the ________.
PelvisBoneHuman legTorso







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