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Vatican City during World War II: Quiz


Question 1: The closest thing the Vatican had to troops were the ________, eponymously of Swiss national origin; the sympathies of the Swiss varied widely, and the Vatican prohibited them from talking about politics in December 1940.
PopeSwiss GuardVatican CityPope John Paul II

Question 2: Vatican City pursued a policy of neutrality during World War II, under the leadership of ________.
Pope Paul VIPope Pius XIIPope Benedict XVIPope John Paul II

Question 3: [4] The pope's first encyclical of the war ________, promulgated in October 1939, exemplified both "the hesitancy and the care" of the pontiff.
Pope Pius XII and PolandPope Pius XII and RussiaPope Pius XIISummi Pontificatus

Question 4: The Lateran Treaty of 1929 with Italy recognized the sovereignty of ________.
MonacoSpainVatican CityRome

Question 5: The prevailing view in the Vatican was that the treaty's clause prohibiting the pope from entering Italian politics prohibited the condemnation of Italian military aggression, visited on ________ on Good Friday 1939.
SerbiaBosnia and HerzegovinaAlbaniaCroatia

Question 6: [39] The pope was the greatest celebrity on the Italian peninsula during this period, and—given the tarnishment of the King of Italy with fascism—there was even talk of extending the ________ of the papacy.
Catholic ChurchPope Gregory ITemporal powerPapal States

Question 7: It declared Vatican City a neutral country in ________, and required the pope to abstain even from mediation unless requested by all parties.
Political philosophyFederalismInternational relationsIdeology

Question 8: Joseph Müller, German Catholic priest, contacted Ludwig Kaas, hoping to use the pope as an intermediary to allow members of the ________ to assassinate Hitler to contact the British.
German resistanceClaus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg20 July plotAdolf Hitler

Question 9: [38] These actions were the primary justification of the Polish Provisional Government for declaring the ________ null and void in 1945, an act that had tremendous consequences for post-war Polish-Vatican relations.
Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XIIConcordat of 1925Pietro GasparriVatican and Eastern Europe (1846–1958)

Question 10: The ________, the Vatican's newspaper, published in Italian, was the only newspaper in Italy not censored by the Italian government.
L'Osservatore RomanoAvvenireCorriere della SeraIl Riformista


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