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Upper gastrointestinal bleeding: Quiz


Question 1: Terlipressin is a ________ analog most commonly used in Europe for variceal upper GI hemorrhage.
CalcitoninVasopressinCorticotropin-releasing hormoneOxytocin

Question 2: Due to advances in medications and ________, upper GI hemorrhage is now usually treated without surgery.
RectumSigmoidoscopyHuman gastrointestinal tractEndoscopy

Question 3: Laboratory findings include ________, coagulopathy, and an elevated BUN-to-creatinine ratio.
Aplastic anemiaPernicious anemiaAnemiaIron deficiency anemia

Question 4: Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding refers to ________ in the upper gastrointestinal tract.
BruiseBleedingPurpuraGastrointestinal bleeding

Question 5: Certain causes of upper GI hemorrhage (including gastric ulcers require repeat ________ after the episode of bleeding to ascertain healing of the causative lesion.
RectumEndoscopySigmoidoscopyHuman gastrointestinal tract

Question 6: Emergency treatment for upper GI bleeds includes aggressive replacement of volume with intravenous solutions, and ________ products if required.
BloodRed blood cellBlood plasmaPlatelet

Question 7: The anatomic cut-off for upper GI bleeding is the ligament of Treitz, which connects the fourth portion of the ________ to the diaphragm near the splenic flexure of the colon.
DuodenumSmall intestineStomachHuman gastrointestinal tract

Question 8: Octreotide is a ________ analog believed to shunt blood away from the splanchnic circulation.
SomatostatinVasopressinCorticotropin-releasing hormoneGonadotropin-releasing hormone

Question 9: Severe ________
Hepatic veno-occlusive diseaseBudd-Chiari syndromeSuperior mesenteric artery syndromeEsophageal varices

Question 10: ________, or bleeding from the pancreatic duct
Upper gastrointestinal bleedingPancreatitisAcute pancreatitisHemosuccus pancreaticus


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