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Triglyceride: Quiz


Question 1: [1] It is the main constituent of ________ and animal fats.
Vegetable fats and oilsCooking oilOlive oilButter

Question 2: Consequently, ruminant animal fat contains odd numbered fatty acids, such as 15, due to the action of ________ in the rumen.
Gram-negative bacteriaBacteriaCorynebacteriumGram-positive bacteria

Question 3: Another disease caused by high triglycerides is ________.

Question 4: As the ________ cannot utilize fatty acids as an energy source (unless converted to a ketone), the glycerol component of triglycerides can be converted into glucose, via gluconeogenesis, for brain fuel when it is broken down.
BrainNervous systemSensory systemDigestion

Question 5: When the body requires ________ as an energy source, the hormone glucagon signals the breakdown of the triglycerides by hormone-sensitive lipase to release free fatty acids.
LipidButyric acidFatty acidLinoleic acid

Question 6: The fatty acid monoalkyl ester can be used as fuel in ________.
Diesel engineHot bulb engineTwo-stroke engineInternal combustion engine

Question 7: Triglycerides are also split into their components via transesterification during the manufacture of ________.
Ethanol fuelBiodieselBiofuelFood vs. fuel

Question 8: In the intestine, triglycerides are split into monoacylglycerol and free fatty acids in a process called lipolysis, with the secretion of lipases and ________, which are subsequently moved to absorptive enterocytes, cells lining the intestines.
Human gastrointestinal tractBileDigestionSecretin

Question 9: The triglycerides are rebuilt in the enterocytes from their fragments and packaged together with ________ and proteins to form chylomicrons.
Low-density lipoproteinTrans fatAtherosclerosisCholesterol

Question 10: This gives rise to a fairly sharp melting point, causing ________ to melt in the mouth without feeling greasy[citation needed].
ChocolateCocoa beanTheobroma cacaoHot chocolate


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