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Traumatic brain injury: Quiz


Question 1: [64] ________ (low blood pressure), which has a devastating outcome in TBI, can be prevented by giving intravenous fluids to maintain a normal blood pressure.
HypertensionAortic dissectionPulmonary hypertensionHypotension

Question 2: ________ (MRI) can show more detail than CT, and can add information about expected outcome in the long-term.
Magnetic resonance imagingPositron emission tomographyMedical imagingFunctional magnetic resonance imaging

Question 3: [73] The risk of ________ increases with severity of trauma (image at right) and is particularly elevated with certain types of brain trauma such as cerebral contusions or hematomas.
Post-traumatic seizurePost-traumatic epilepsyTraumatic brain injuryConcussion

Question 4: What does the following picture show?

  Physical therapy will commonly include muscle strength exercise.
  CT scan showing epidural hematoma (arrow)
  A CT of the head years after a traumatic brain injury showing an empty space where the damage occurred marked by the arrow.

Question 5: ________, analgesics and paralytic agents are often used.

Question 6: What does the following picture show?

  CT scan Spread of the subdural hematoma (single arrow), midline shift (double arrow)
  Physical therapy will commonly include muscle strength exercise.
  Ricochet of the brain within the skull may account for the coup-contrecoup phenomenon.[56]
  MRI scan showing damage due to brain herniation after TBI[1]

Question 7: ________ usually refers to TBI, but is a broader category because it can involve damage to structures other than the brain, such as the scalp and skull.
Traumatic brain injuryHead injuryConcussionSubdural hematoma

Question 8: [91] The incidence of fall-related TBI in First World countries is increasing as the population ages; thus the ________ age of people with head injuries has increased.
MedianNormal distributionVarianceProbability distribution

Question 9: [66] ________ and transcranial doppler may also be used.
Nervous systemEpilepsyElectroencephalographyNeurosurgery

Question 10: [13] It also has been proposed to use changes which are visible on ________, such as swelling, focal lesions, or diffuse injury as method of classification.


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