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Translation (genetics): Quiz


Question 1: Aminoacyl tRNA synthetase (an enzyme) catalyzes the bonding between specific tRNAs and the ________ that their anticodons sequences call for.
Amino acidL-DOPAAmino acid synthesisMetabolism

Question 2:
A number of ________ act by inhibiting translation; these include anisomycin, cycloheximide, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, streptomycin, erythromycin, and puromycin, among others.
Antibiotic misuseAntibioticATC code J01Nucleic acid inhibitor

Question 3: Even when working with ordinary ________ sequences such as the Yeast genome, it is often desired to be able to use alternative translation tables—namely for translation of the mitochondrial genes.

Question 4: In activation, the correct amino acid is ________ to the correct transfer RNA (tRNA).
AromaticityMetallic bondChemical bondCovalent bond

Question 5: The ________ carries genetic information encoded as a ribonucleotide sequence from the chromosomes to the ribosomes.
Non-coding RNAMessenger RNADNAMorpholino

Question 6: ________
a Molecular biology topic (portal)
DNAGene expressionProteinRNA

Question 7: Translation proceeds in four phases: activation, initiation, elongation and termination (all describing the growth of the amino acid chain, or ________ that is the product of translation).
BremelanotidePeptideMelanotan IIAfamelanotide

Question 8: Translation occurs in the cell's cytoplasm, where the large and small subunits of the ________ are located, and bind to the mRNA.
Cell nucleusMitochondrionRibosomeCell (biology)

Question 9: For example, the rare alternative start codon CTG codes for ________ when used as a start codon, and for Leucine in all other positions.
CysteineGlutamic acidMethionineAlanine

Question 10: Translation is the first stage of protein biosynthesis (part of the overall process of ________).
RNAGene expressionTranscription (genetics)DNA


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