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Transformational grammar: Quiz

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Question 1: Much current research in transformational grammar is inspired by Chomsky's ________.
Government and binding theoryX-bar theoryNoam ChomskyLinguistic minimalism

Question 2: In generative phonology, another form of transformation is the phonological rule, which describes a mapping between an underlying representation (the ________) and the surface form that is articulated during natural speech.
English languageInternational Phonetic AlphabetPhonemeEnglish orthography

Question 3: In the Extended Standard Theory and government and binding theory, GTs were abandoned in favor of ________ phrase structure rules.
Recursion (computer science)RecursionMathematical logicMathematics

Question 4: In linguistics, a transformational grammar, or transformational-generative grammar (TGG), is a ________, especially of a natural language, that has been developed in a Chomskyan tradition.
Generative grammarFormal grammarSyntaxContext-free grammar

Question 5: An example of an interpretable feature is the plural ________ on regular English nouns, e.g.
InflectionPolish languageBulgarian languageGrammatical gender

Question 6: Transformations had been proposed prior to the development of deep structure as a means of increasing the mathematical and descriptive power of ________.
Context-free grammarFormal grammarFormal languageNoam Chomsky

Question 7: Returning to the more general mathematical notion of a grammar, an important feature of all transformational grammars is that they are more powerful than ________.
Noam ChomskyContext-free grammarFormal languageFormal grammar

Question 8: ________ is not present in Minimalist theories of syntax, and the most recent phase-based theories also eliminate LF and PF as unitary levels of representation.
Generative grammarSemanticsLinguisticsTransformational grammar

Question 9: [2] [3] The deep structure represented the core semantic relations of a sentence, and was mapped on to the surface structure (which followed the ________ form of the sentence very closely) via transformations.
International Phonetic AlphabetIrish phonologyEnglish phonologyPhonology

Question 10: In 1957, ________ published Syntactic Structures, in which he developed the idea that each sentence in a language has two levels of representation — a deep structure and a surface structure.
Noam ChomskyNoam Chomsky's political viewsHenry David ThoreauAnarchism







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