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Thermal pollution: Quiz


Question 1: Thermal pollution is the degradation of water quality by any process that changes ambient water ________.
LightningWater vaporThermodynamic temperatureTemperature

Question 2: Industrial wastewater
In the ________, thermal pollution from industrial sources is generated mostly by power plants, petroleum refineries, pulp and paper mills, chemical plants, steel mills and smelters.
PhilippinesUnited StatesCanadaAlaska

Question 3: cooling towers, which transfer waste heat to the ________ through evaporation and/or heat transfer
Extraterrestrial atmospheresAtmosphereNeptuneGanymede (moon)

Question 4: A common cause of thermal pollution is the use of water as a ________ by power plants and industrial manufacturers.

Question 5: For example, the Potrero Generating Station in ________, which uses OTC, discharges water to San Francisco Bay approximately 10°C (20°F) above the ambient bay temperature.
San FranciscoSan Jose, CaliforniaOakland, CaliforniaLos Angeles

Question 6: Thermal pollution can also be caused by the release of very cold water from the base of ________ into warmer rivers.
ReservoirHydroelectricityDamUnited Kingdom

Question 7: Parker, Effect of Geographical Location on Cooling Pond Requirements ________, for Water Quality Office, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Project no.
Cornell UniversityDuke UniversityColumbia UniversityVanderbilt University

Question 8: When water used as a coolant is returned to the natural environment at a higher temperature, the change in temperature impacts organisms by (a) decreasing oxygen supply, and (b) affecting ________ composition.
EcosystemSystems ecologyEcologyEcosystem ecology

Question 9: ________--stormwater discharged to surface waters from roads and parking lots--can also be a source of elevated water temperatures.
Surface runoffWater pollutionUrban runoffMarine pollution

Question 10: The decrease in levels of DO can harm aquatic animals such as fish, ________ and copepods.

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