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Theoretical physics: Quiz

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Question 1: A physical theory differs from a mathematical theorem in that while both are based on some form of ________, judgment of mathematical applicability is not based on agreement with any experimental results.
Set theoryMathematical logicAxiomatic systemAxiom

Question 2: Each of these individuals picked up the interactive intertwining of ________ and physics begun two millennia earlier by Pythagoras.
Mathematical logicGeometryMathematicsSet theory

Question 3: ________ or Einstein's Cosmological Constant
Dark matterInflation (cosmology)Dark energyBig Bang

Question 4: ________, Leonhard Euler and William Rowan Hamilton would extend the theory of classical mechanics considerably.
Isaac NewtonPierre-Simon LaplaceJean le Rond d'AlembertJoseph Louis Lagrange

Question 5: ________ (1831–1879)
Carl Friedrich GaussJames Clerk MaxwellGalileo GalileiSir George Stokes, 1st Baronet

Question 6: Other examples include entropy as a measure of the uncertainty regarding the positions and motions of unseen particles and the quantum mechanical idea that (action and) ________ are not continuously variable.
UniverseEnergyTimeForce

Question 7: The laws of thermodynamics, and especially the introduction of the singular concept of ________ began to provide a macroscopic explanation for the properties of matter.
Ideal gas lawGibbs free energyStatistical mechanicsEntropy

Question 8: Quantum mechanics led to an understanding of blackbody radiation and of anomalies in the specific heats of solids — and finally to an understanding of the internal structures of ________ and molecules.
PhotonAtomElectronMatter

Question 9: Some fringe theories are a form of protoscience and others are a form of ________.
Relationship between religion and scienceFringe scienceScientific methodPseudoscience

Question 10: The pillars of modern physics, and perhaps the most revolutionary theories in the history of physics, have been relativity theory and ________.
Schrödinger equationIntroduction to quantum mechanicsWave–particle dualityQuantum mechanics







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