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Synaptic plasticity: Quiz


Question 1: [5] This effect occurs gradually over hours or days, by changing the numbers of ________ at the synapse (Pérez-Otaño and Ehlers, 2005).
5-HT receptorGlutamate receptor5-HT3 receptorNMDA receptor

Question 2: Two known molecular mechanisms for synaptic plasticity were researched by ________ laboratories.
Edward B. LewisBarbara McClintockEric KandelRoger Wolcott Sperry

Question 3: In neuroscience, synaptic plasticity is the ability of the connection, or synapse, between two ________ to change in strength.
Glial cellNeuronPhotoreceptor cellNervous system

Question 4: There are several underlying mechanisms that cooperate to achieve synaptic plasticity, including changes in the quantity of ________ released into a synapse and changes in how effectively cells respond to those neurotransmitters.

Question 5: [1] Since memories are postulated to be represented by vastly interconnected networks of synapses in the brain, synaptic plasticity is one of the important neurochemical foundations of learning and memory (see ________).
Hebbian theoryNikolaas TinbergenCaridoid escape reactionNMDA receptor

Question 6: The first mechanism involves modification of existing synaptic proteins (typically ________) resulting in altered synaptic function.
Protein kinaseTyrosine kinaseAspartokinaseGlucokinase

Question 7: Long-lasting changes in the efficacy of synaptic connections (________, or LTP) between two neurons can involve the making and breaking of synaptic contacts.
Long-term depressionMemoryLong-term potentiationNervous system

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