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Syllogism: Quiz

  

Question 1: A syllogism (Greek: συλλογισμός – "conclusion," "inference") or logical appeal is a kind of logical argument in which one proposition (the conclusion) is ________ from two others (the premises) of a certain form.
Inductive reasoningInferenceDeductive reasoningAristotle

Question 2: (See ________ for a discussion of the logical relationships between these types of propositions.)
Square of oppositionGeorge BooleSyllogismTerm logic

Question 3: ________
ConceptImmanuel KantCritique of Pure ReasonThe False Subtlety of the Four Syllogistic Figures

Question 4: The letters A, E, I, O have been used since the medieval Schools to form ________ names for the forms as follows: 'Barbara' stands for AAA, 'Celarent' for EAE etc.
Eidetic memoryMemoryMnemonicEmotion and memory

Question 5: In ________'s Prior Analytics, he defines syllogism as "a discourse in which, certain things having been supposed, something different from the things' supposed results of necessity because these things are so." (24b18–20)
EmpiricismPlatoBertrand RussellAristotle

Question 6: Syllogism was superseded by first-order predicate logic following the work of ________, in particular 1879 Begriffsschrift (Concept Script) 1879.
Gottlob FregeRudolf CarnapBertrand RussellLogical positivism

Question 7: The syllogism was at the core of traditional deductive reasoning, where facts are determined by combining existing statements, in contrast to ________ where facts are determined by repeated observations.
EmpiricismAristotleLogical positivismInductive reasoning

Question 8: Though there were alternative systems of logic such as Avicennian logic or Indian logic elsewhere, Kant's opinion stood unchallenged in the West until 1879 when ________ published his Begriffsschrift (Concept Script).
Bertrand RussellGottlob FregeRudolf CarnapLogical positivism
















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