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Superior vena cava syndrome: Quiz


Question 1: The main techniques of diagnosing SVCS are with chest ________ (CXR), CT scans, transbronchial needle aspiration at bronchoscopy and mediastinoscopy.
Nuclear fusionRadiation therapyIonizing radiationX-ray

Question 2: [3] In addition, ________ (such as furosemide) are used to reduce venous return to the heart which relieves the increased pressure.
Beta blockerCalcium channel blockerDiureticAntihypertensive drug

Question 3: It can also occur as a result of ________ in the SVC, although this is less common (approximately 35% due to the use of intravascular devices).
LymphedemaCerebral venous sinus thrombosisThrombosisDeep vein thrombosis

Question 4: head (________)
Carotid artery stenosisVascular diseaseCerebral aneurysmCerebral venous sinus thrombosis

Question 5: primarily lower limb (________)
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosisPulmonary embolismBudd-Chiari syndromeDeep vein thrombosis

Question 6: [3] ________ and tuberculosis have also been known to cause superior vena cava syndrome.
Herpes simplexErythema chronicum migransSyphilisMolluscum contagiosum

Question 7: Before ________, untreated infections were the most common cause of SVCS.
Antibiotic misuseATC code J01AntibioticNucleic acid inhibitor

Question 8: [1] SVC thrombosis may occur secondary to ________.
Polycythemia veraMyelodysplastic syndromeEssential thrombocytosisChronic myelogenous leukemia

Question 9: abdomen (May-Thurner syndrome, Portal vein thrombosis, ________, Renal vein thrombosis)
Hepatic veno-occlusive diseaseEsophageal varicesPortal hypertensionBudd-Chiari syndrome

Question 10: [3] ________ (such as prednisone or methylprednisolone) decrease the inflammatory response to tumor invasion and oedema surrounding the tumor.
Immunosuppressive drugMineralocorticoidCorticosteroidGlucocorticoid

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