Subdural hematoma: Quiz

Question 1: Much more common than ________, subdural hemorrhages generally result from shearing injuries due to various rotational or linear forces.
Intracranial hemorrhageSubarachnoid hemorrhageCerebral hemorrhageEpidural hematoma

Question 2: Usually resulting from tears in veins that cross the subdural space, subdural hemorrhages may cause an increase in ________ (ICP), which can cause compression of and damage to delicate brain tissue.
Intracranial pressureHepatic encephalopathyNervous systemSleep apnea

Question 3: In juveniles, an ________ is a risk factor for a subdural hematoma.
Arachnoid cystAlzheimer's diseaseHuntington's diseaseHydrocephalus

Question 4: In some subdural bleeds, the arachnoid layer of the meninges is torn, and ________ (CSF) and blood both expand in the intracranial space, increasing pressure.
Arachnoid granulationCerebrospinal fluidFalx cerebriChoroid plexus

Question 5: They are most severe if associated with ________.
Diffuse axonal injuryCerebral contusionTraumatic brain injuryConcussion

Question 6: [1][2] Subdural hemorrhage is a classic finding in ________, in which similar shearing forces classically cause intra- and pre-retinal hemorrhages.
Subarachnoid hemorrhageShaken baby syndromeTraumatic brain injuryConcussion

Question 7: [2] Though much faster than chronic subdural bleeds, acute subdural bleeding is usually venous and therefore slower than the usually arterial bleeding of an ________.
Intracranial hemorrhageCerebral hemorrhageEpidural hematomaSubarachnoid hemorrhage

Question 8: Large or symptomatic hematomas require a craniotomy, the surgical opening of the ________.
Head and neck anatomyBoneHuman skullSkull

Question 9: A surgeon then opens the dura, removes the blood clot with suction or irrigation, and identifies and controls sites of ________.
BruiseGastrointestinal bleedingBleedingPurpura

Question 10: As the brain shrinks with age, the subdural space enlarges and the ________ that traverse the space must travel over a wider distance, making them more vulnerable to tears.
Brachiocephalic veinVeinInternal jugular veinVertebral vein

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