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Subarachnoid hemorrhage: Quiz

  
  

Question 1: [46] On the basis of the ISUIA and other studies, it is now recommended that people are only considered for preventative treatment if they have a reasonable ________ and have aneurysms that are highly likely to rupture.
LongevityLife extensionLife expectancyMaximum life span

Question 2: [4] ________, in which bleeding occurs within the brain itself, is twice as common as SAH and is often misdiagnosed as the latter.
Cerebral hemorrhageIntracranial hemorrhageEpidural hematomaSubarachnoid hemorrhage

Question 3: ________ (obstruction of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid) may complicate SAH in both the short- and long term.
PorencephalyHydrocephalusCentral nervous system cystSyringomyelia

Question 4: If a ________ is identified on angiography, two measures are available to reduce the risk of further bleeding from the same aneurysm: clipping[22] and coiling.
Carotid artery stenosisCerebral venous sinus thrombosisVascular diseaseCerebral aneurysm

Question 5: [2] Approximately 4% of aneurysmal bleeds occur after ________ and 10% of people with SAH are bending over or lifting heavy objects at the onset of their symptoms.
PregnancySexual intercourseMasturbationHuman sexual behavior

Question 6: As a result of the bleeding, the body releases large amounts of ________ and similar hormones.
OctopamineNorepinephrinePhenethylamineEpinephrine

Question 7: [43] Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage may lead to damage of the ________ and the pituitary gland, two areas of the brain that play a central role in hormonal regulation and production.
HypothalamusPosterior pituitaryEndocrine systemPineal gland

Question 8: Symptoms may include headache, decreased level of consciousness and ________ (weakness of one side of the body).
Hereditary spastic paraplegiaLocked-in syndromeCauda equina syndromeHemiparesis

Question 9: [5] Fluctuations in blood pressure and electrolyte disturbances, as well as ________ and cardiac decompensation occur in about half the hospitalized persons with SAH and may worsen prognosis.
Community-acquired pneumoniaRespiratory diseaseObstructive lung diseasePneumonia

Question 10: The use of calcium channel blockers, thought to be able to prevent the spasm of blood vessels by preventing ________ from entering smooth muscle cells, has been proposed for the prevention of vasospasm.
IronCalciumAluminiumMagnesium
















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