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Structural functionalism: Quiz

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Question 1: Based on the ________ above of an organism in which many parts function together to sustain the whole, Durkheim argued that complicated societies are held together by organic solidarity.
AristotleAnalogyRhetoricMetaphor

Question 2: Moreover, descent theory neglected the significance of marriage and affinal ties, which were emphasised by Levi-Strauss' ________, at the expense of overemphasising the role of descent.
StructuralismStructural anthropologyCultureClaude Lévi-Strauss

Question 3: ________ argues that functionalist explanations may all be rewritten as historical accounts of individual human actions and consequences (see Structuration theory).
Talcott ParsonsJürgen HabermasAnthony GiddensSociology

Question 4: Structural functionalism has historical affinity with the application of the ________ in social theory and research.
ScienceScientific methodRelationship between religion and sciencePseudoscience

Question 5: This idea stood in marked contrast to prevalent approaches in the field of comparative politics — the state-society theory and the ________.
Marxist international relations theoryHistorical sociologyLiberal international relations theoryDependency theory

Question 6: A common analogy, popularized by ________, regards these interrelated parts of society as "organs" that work toward the proper functioning of the "body" as a whole.
John Stuart MillPlatoHerbert SpencerImmanuel Kant

Question 7: [4] Functionalism has been associated with thinkers as diverse as the post-structuralist philosopher ________.
Michel FoucaultAlain BadiouSlavoj ŽižekJürgen Habermas

Question 8: Structural functionalism also took on Malinowski's argument that the basic building block of society is the ________, and that the clan is an outgrowth, not vice versa.
Attachment theoryParentNuclear familyAdoption

Question 9: ________ asserts that one can study the social world in the same ways as one studies the physical world, and that social laws are directly and objectively observable.
EpistemologyPositivismEmpiricismCausality

Question 10: The structures of a society such as religion, is by them seen as Darwinian (biological or cultural) ________ at the group level.
Natural selectionEvolutionAdaptationModern evolutionary synthesis







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