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Structural functionalism: Quiz


Question 1: Based on the ________ above of an organism in which many parts function together to sustain the whole, Durkheim argued that complicated societies are held together by organic solidarity.

Question 2: Moreover, descent theory neglected the significance of marriage and affinal ties, which were emphasised by Levi-Strauss' ________, at the expense of overemphasising the role of descent.
StructuralismStructural anthropologyCultureClaude Lévi-Strauss

Question 3: ________ argues that functionalist explanations may all be rewritten as historical accounts of individual human actions and consequences (see Structuration theory).
Talcott ParsonsJürgen HabermasAnthony GiddensSociology

Question 4: Structural functionalism has historical affinity with the application of the ________ in social theory and research.
ScienceScientific methodRelationship between religion and sciencePseudoscience

Question 5: This idea stood in marked contrast to prevalent approaches in the field of comparative politics — the state-society theory and the ________.
Marxist international relations theoryHistorical sociologyLiberal international relations theoryDependency theory

Question 6: A common analogy, popularized by ________, regards these interrelated parts of society as "organs" that work toward the proper functioning of the "body" as a whole.
John Stuart MillPlatoHerbert SpencerImmanuel Kant

Question 7: [4] Functionalism has been associated with thinkers as diverse as the post-structuralist philosopher ________.
Michel FoucaultAlain BadiouSlavoj ŽižekJürgen Habermas

Question 8: Structural functionalism also took on Malinowski's argument that the basic building block of society is the ________, and that the clan is an outgrowth, not vice versa.
Attachment theoryParentNuclear familyAdoption

Question 9: ________ asserts that one can study the social world in the same ways as one studies the physical world, and that social laws are directly and objectively observable.

Question 10: The structures of a society such as religion, is by them seen as Darwinian (biological or cultural) ________ at the group level.
Natural selectionEvolutionAdaptationModern evolutionary synthesis


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