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Stratigraphy: Quiz


Question 1: It provides strong evidence for formation (speciation) of and the ________ of species.
Holocene extinctionExtinctionEvolutionConservation biology

Question 2: Stratigraphy, a branch of ________, studies rock layers and layering (stratification).
GeologyEarth scienceNatureEarth

Question 3: In the field of ________, soil stratigraphy is used to better understand the processes that form and protect archaeological sites.
ArchaeologyEngineeringCivil engineeringMining

Question 4: Biostratigraphy or paleontologic stratigraphy is based on ________ evidence in the rock layers.
Geologic time scaleFossilGeologyAnimal

Question 5: Rock layers were studied since the time of ________ (Ibn Sina), a Muslim geographer who wrote The Book of Healing in 1027.

Question 6: The ________ was developed during the 1800s based on the evidence of biologic stratigraphy and faunal succession.
Gregorian calendarGeologic time scaleCalendarJulian calendar

Question 7: Biologic stratigraphy was based on William Smith's principle of faunal succession, which predated, and was one of the first and most powerful lines of evidence for, ________.
Introduction to evolutionNatural selectionPopulation geneticsEvolution

Question 8: The ________ is a tool to depict complex stratigraphic relations, as they are found, for example, in the contexts of urban archaeology.
Archaeological associationExcavation (archaeology)Stratification (archeology)Harris matrix

Question 9: Cyclostratigraphy documents the often cyclic changes in the relative proportions of minerals, particularly ________, and fossil diversity with time, related to changes in palaeoclimates.
Carbon dioxideBicarbonateCalcium carbonateCarbonate

Question 10: If the ancient magnetic field was oriented similar to today's field (________ near the North Rotational Pole) the strata retain a normal polarity.
Geomagnetic reversalNorth PoleEarth's magnetic fieldNorth Magnetic Pole


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