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South Wales coalfield: Quiz


Question 1: Tramway-fed canals such as the Swansea Canal and Glamorganshire Canal were supplemented, and then superseded, by the development of numerous competing railway branches which fed docks principally at Swansea, ________, Newport, Llanelli and Barry.

Question 2: [1][2] This trend, which was later extended to railway locomotives, was a factor in the economic hardship which struck the coalfield after the ________.
World War IArmenian GenocideWestern Front (World War I)Caucasus Campaign

Question 3: The coal generally increases in grade or "rank" from east to west, with bituminous coals in the east, and ________ in the west.
Appalachian MountainsAnthraciteUnited StatesUnited Kingdom

Question 4: Communications along the valley floors provided the main routeways for exporting coal south to ports and docks such as Newport Docks, Cardiff Docks and ________.
Taff Vale RailwayBarry Railway CompanyRhymney RailwayCambrian Railways

Question 5: ________ was also extracted from the coal measures, principally from the north crop area (including Merthyr Tydfil and Blaenavon.
OxygenAluminiumIron oreSteel

Question 6: The Rhondda Valley was particularly known for ________ which fuelled steamships of the 19th and early 20th centuries.
CoalGrid energy storageHydroelectricityWind power

Question 7: Later ________ shafts were sunk as deep as 800 metres (760 yards) in order to reach the thicker, better quality seams.
CoalCoal miningUnited StatesCoal producing regions

Question 8: [4] Hardship continued through the 1926 general strike, the great depression of the 1930s, ________ and thereafter.
Soviet occupationsSecond Sino-Japanese WarCollaboration with the Axis Powers during World War IIWorld War II

Question 9: The coalfield experienced a late-stage development when ________ was commenced on a large scale, mostly on the gently-dipping north crop.
QuarryUnderground mining (hard rock)Surface miningOpen-pit mining

Question 10: The South Wales Coalfield is a large region of south Wales that is rich with ________ deposits.
HydroelectricityWind powerCoalGrid energy storage


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