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Somatic cell: Quiz


Question 1: An example of this is the modern cultivated species of ________, Triticum Aestivum L., a hexaploid species whose somatic cells contain six copies of every chromatid.

Question 2: Humans, and other species whose somatic cells contain chromosomes arranged in pairs, are known as "________" organisms (their gametic cells, which contain only single unpaired chromosomes, are known as "haploid").
PloidyPolyploidyChromosomal translocationKaryotype

Question 3: In mammals, germline cells (also known as "gametes") are the spermatozoa and ova which fuse during fertilization to produce a cell called a zygote, from which the entire mammalian ________ develops.
FertilisationEmbryogenesisEmbryoPrenatal development

Question 4: However, a large number of species arrange the chromosomes in their somatic cells in fours ("tetraploid") or even sixes ("________") which means that they can have diploid or even triploid germline cells.

Question 5: In humans, somatic cells contain 46 individual ________, organized into 23 pairs of chromosomes.
AutosomeChromosomal translocationKaryotypeChromosome

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