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Solanine: Quiz


Question 1: Some studies show a correlation between the consumption of potatoes suffering from late blight (which increases solanine and other glycoalkaloid levels) and the incidence of congenital ________ in humans.
RachischisisArthrogryposisICD-10 Chapter XVII: Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalitiesSpina bifida

Question 2: Solanine occurs naturally in many species of the genus Solanum, including the Potato (Solanum tuberosum), Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), ________ (Solanum melongena), and Bittersweet Nightshade (Solanum dulcamara).

Question 3: The symptoms are mainly vomiting and ________, and the condition may be misdiagnosed as gastroenteritis.
Abdominal painDiarrheaTraveler's diarrheaNausea

Question 4: Solanine has ________ and pesticidal properties, and solanine hydrochloride (a salt of solanine) has been used as a commercial pesticide, but never on a large scale.
Plant pathologyFungicideAmino acidEnzyme

Question 5: This in turn leads to Ca2+ being transported down its concentration gradient into the mitochondria, and it is this increased concentration of Ca2+ in the cell that triggers cell damage and ________.
Signal transductionApoptosisApoptosis-inducing factorTranscription factor

Question 6: It can occur naturally in any part of the plant, including the leaves, ________, and tubers.
FruitVegetableSeedFlowering plant

Question 7: Solanine is a glycoalkaloid poison found in species of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), such as the ________ (Solanum tuberosum).

Question 8: Experiments show that solanine exposure opens the potassium channels of mitochondria, increasing their ________.
Membrane potentialNeuronAction potentialResting potential

Question 9: Symptoms include nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach cramps, burning of the throat, ________, headache and dizziness.
Atrial fibrillationCardiac dysrhythmiaSupraventricular tachycardiaMyocardial infarction

Question 10: It is very ________ even in small quantities.
Mercury poisoningLead poisoningToxicityPoison

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