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Sodium cyanide: Quiz


Question 1: Sodium cyanide is produced by treating hydrogen cyanide with ________:[3]
Sodium hydroxideSodium hypochloriteSodium carbonateSodium sulfate

Question 2: Being highly toxic, sodium cyanide is used to kill or stun rapidly such as in illegal cyanide fishing and in collecting jars used by ________.

Question 3: It is an inorganic salt derived from neutralisation reactions involving the weak acid ________.
Cyanogen chlorideChlorinePhosgeneHydrogen cyanide

Question 4: Cyanide is a potent inhibitor of respiration, acting on mitochondrial ________ and hence blocking electron transport.
MitochondrionCoenzyme Q – cytochrome c reductaseCytochrome c oxidaseNADH dehydrogenase

Question 5: It is detoxified most efficiently with ________:[3]
EthanolAntisepticChlorhexidineHydrogen peroxide

Question 6: In former times, it was prepared by the Castner-Kellner process involving the reaction of ________ with carbon at elevated temperatures.
Sodium hydrideSodium hydroxideSodium bisulfateSodium amide

Question 7: The structure of solid NaCN is related to that of ________.
Sodium chlorideSodium carbonateSodium hydroxideSodium sulfate

Question 8: Sodium cyanide is mainly used to extract ________ and other precious metals in mining.

Question 9: In organic synthesis, cyanide, which is classified as a strong nucleophile, is used to prepare ________, which occur widely in many specialty chemicals, including pharmaceuticals.

Question 10: Several commercially significant chemical compounds are derived from cyanide, including cyanuric chloride, cyanogen chloride, and many ________.


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