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Sleep apnea: Quiz

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Question 1: Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, high blood pressure, ________, diabetes, and sleep deprived driving accidents.
Cardiac dysrhythmiaMyocardial infarctionSupraventricular tachycardiaAtrial fibrillation

Question 2: There is good evidence that replacement of the failed heart (________) cures central apnea in these patients.
Organ transplantICD-9-CM Volume 3Heart transplantationSurgery

Question 3: The CPAP machine assists only inhaling, whereas a ________ machine assists with both inhaling and exhaling and is used in more severe cases.
Positive airway pressureMechanical ventilationAcute respiratory distress syndromeNeonatal intensive-care unit

Question 4: Diagnostic tests include home ________ or polysomnography in a sleep clinic.
Hypoxia (medical)Pulse oximeterHemoglobinPulse oximetry

Question 5: The early reports of obstructive sleep apnea in the medical literature described individuals who were very severely affected, often presenting with severe hypoxemia, hypercapnia and ________.
Myocardial infarctionHypertrophic cardiomyopathyAtrial fibrillationHeart failure

Question 6: Short of death, drops in blood oxygen may trigger seizures, even in the absence of ________.
Partial seizureEpilepsyGeneralised epilepsyLafora disease

Question 7: ________ with immature brains and reflex systems are at high risk for central sleep apnea syndrome, even if these babies are otherwise healthy.
ChorioamnionitisPreterm birthPlacenta praeviaPostmature birth

Question 8: The most serious complication is a severe form of congestive heart failure called ________.
Mitral regurgitationAtrial fibrillationMyocardial infarctionCor pulmonale

Question 9: In adults with coronary artery disease, a severe drop in blood oxygen level can cause angina, ________, or heart attacks (myocardial infarction).
Atrial fibrillationTachycardiaCardiac dysrhythmiaSupraventricular tachycardia

Question 10: Sleep apnea (or sleep apnoea in ________) is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep.
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