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Seismology: Quiz


Question 1: One of the earliest important discoveries (suggested by Richard Dixon Oldham in 1906 and definitively shown by Harold Jeffreys in 1926) was that the outer core of the Earth is ________.
LiquidSupercritical fluidColloidSolid

Question 2: Seismology (from Greek σεισμός, seismos, "earthquake"; and -λόγος, -logia, as a whole "Talking about earthquakes") is the scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves through the ________.

Question 3: Other especially notable earthquakes that spurred major developments in the science of seismology include the 1857 Basilicata earthquake, ________, the 1964 Alaska earthquake and the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake.
1989 Loma Prieta earthquake2007 Alum Rock earthquake2008 Chino Hills earthquake1906 San Francisco earthquake

Question 4: The first observations were made in the 1960s as the advent of higher fidelity instruments coincided with two of the largest earthquakes of the 20th century - the ________ and the 1964 Great Alaskan earthquake.
Valdivia, Chile1960 Valdivia earthquakeRiñihuazoPuyehue-Cordón Caulle

Question 5: A related field that uses ________ to infer information regarding past earthquakes is paleoseismology.
Plate tectonicsGeologyNatureEarth science

Question 6: Such forecasts estimate the probability of an earthquake of a particular size affecting a particular location within a particular time span and they are routinely used in ________.
Vibration controlStructural engineeringGeotechnical engineeringEarthquake engineering

Question 7: Forecasting a probable timing, location, magnitude and other important features of a forthcoming seismic event is called ________.
SeismologyPlate tectonics1989 Loma Prieta earthquakeEarthquake prediction

Question 8: A major motivation for the global instrumentation of the Earth with seismographs has been for the monitoring of ________.
Nuclear weaponNuclear weapons testingNuclear arms raceNuclear proliferation

Question 9:
One of the first attempts at the scientific study of earthquakes followed the ________.
PortugalLusophobia1755 Lisbon earthquakePortuguese people

Question 10: The field also includes studies of earthquake effects, such as ________ as well as diverse seismic sources such as volcanic, tectonic, oceanic, atmospheric, and artificial processes (such as explosions).
SeichePhysical oceanographyTsunamiMegatsunami

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