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Scotoma: Quiz

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Question 1: Symptom-producing or ________ scotomata may be due to a wide range of disease processes, affecting either the retina (in particular its most sensitive portion, the macula) or the optic nerve itself.
Infectious diseasePathologyInfectionPathology as a medical specialty

Question 2: The term scotoma is also used ________ in psychology to refer to an individual's inability to perceive personality traits in themselves that are obvious to others.
AnalogyAristotleRhetoricMetaphor

Question 3: The absence of visual imagery from the blindspot does not intrude into ________ with one eye closed, because the corresponding visual field locations of the optic discs in the two eyes differ.
ConsciousnessGottfried LeibnizHenri BergsonIdea

Question 4: Scintillating scotoma is a common visual aura in ________.
Cluster headacheMigraineTension headacheHeadache

Question 5: A scotoma (Greek for darkness; plural: "scotomas" or "scotomata") is characterized by an area of impaired or entirely degenerated ________ which is surrounded by a field of normal - or relatively well-preserved - vision.
PupilVisual acuityStrabismusColor blindness

Question 6: In a pregnant woman, scotomata can present as a symptom of severe preeclampsia, a form of pregnancy-induced ________.
Aortic dissectionEssential hypertensionAtherosclerosisHypertension

Question 7: Similarly, scotomata may develop as a result of the increased ________ that occurs in malignant hypertension.
Intracranial pressureNervous systemSleep apneaHepatic encephalopathy

Question 8: This is a location with no photoreceptors, where the retinal ganglion cell ________ that comprise the optic nerve exit the retina.
AxonNervous systemNeuronSchwann cell







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