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Scientific theory: Quiz


Question 1: A philosophical theory is not necessarily scientifically testable through ________.
Statistical unitInteraction (statistics)Randomized controlled trialExperiment

Question 2: An example of the latter might be the ________.
General relativitySpecial relativityAbraham–Lorentz forceElectromagnetism

Question 3: According to the ________,
United States National Academy of SciencesCharles Doolittle WalcottAlexander Emanuel AgassizAlbert Abraham Michelson

Question 4: The defining characteristic of a scientific theory is that it makes ________ or testable predictions.
AristotleEmpiricismScientific methodFalsifiability

Question 5: On the other hand, it seems obvious that assumptions are the weak points in any argument, as they have to be accepted on faith in a ________ of science that prides itself on its rationalism.
PhilosophyPolitical philosophyDavid HumeAristotle

Question 6: A good example is ________, which encompasses results derived from gauge symmetry (sometimes called gauge invariance) in a form of a few equations called Maxwell's equations.
Liénard–Wiechert potentialClassical electromagnetismLorentz forceElectromagnetic radiation

Question 7: He took two phenomena that had been observed — that the "addition of velocities" is valid (Galilean transformation), and that light did not appear to have an "addition of velocities" (________).
Michelson–Morley experimentAlbert EinsteinLuminiferous aetherSpecial relativity

Question 8: The aim of this construction is to create a formal system for which ________ is the only model.

Question 9: The Greeks formulated theories, which the astronomer ________ recorded.

Question 10: A scientific theory can be thought of as a model of reality, and its statements as axioms of some ________.
Set theoryAxiomatic systemGeorg CantorMathematical logic


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