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Science in the Middle Ages: Quiz


Question 1: Robert Grosseteste (1168–1253), ________, was the central character of the English intellectual movement in the first half of the 13th century and is considered the founder of scientific thought in Oxford.
Church of EnglandBishop of LincolnArchbishop of CanterburyArchbishop of York

Question 2: Ibn al-Haytham is also regarded as the father of optics, especially for his empirical proof of the intromission theory of ________.

Question 3: Traditional Indian medicine, known as ________, was mainly formulated in ancient times, but there were a number of additions made during the Middle Ages.
HerbalismNaturopathyAlternative medicineAyurveda

Question 4: ________ was the first to introduce experimentation into the Earth sciences.
Nasir al-Din al-TusiAl-KindiAlhazenAbu Rayhan Biruni

Question 5: ________ described many of the methods and much of the equipment that formed the basis of work in chemistry, metallurgy and pharmacology up to the middle of the 19th century.
Ibn al-NafisAvicennaAverroesMuhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi

Question 6: Differential calculus — The concepts of tangential lines and infinitesimals were developed by the ancient Greeks including ________; however, it was Medieval scholars, notably Bhaskara, that developed the basic mathematical framework for modern differential calculus.

Question 7: [184][185] Although hydraulic-powered bellows for heating the blast furnace had been written of since ________'s (d.
Han DynastyDu ShiWang Zhen (official)Song Dynasty

Question 8: In the 7th century, ________ briefly described the law of gravitation, and recognized gravity as a force of attraction.
Bhāskara IIBrahmaguptaAryabhataIndian mathematics

Question 9: Translations of Greek texts from Egypt and the ________, and Sanskrit texts from India, provided Islamic scholars a knowledge base to build upon.
Byzantine IconoclasmByzantine EmpireRoman EmpireWestern Roman Empire

Question 10: The rediscovery of Greek scientific texts, both ancient and medieval, was accelerated as the ________ fell to the Ottoman Turks and many Byzantine scholars sought refuge in the West, particularly Italy.
Roman EmpireByzantine IconoclasmByzantine EmpireWestern Roman Empire


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