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Saline (medicine): Quiz


Question 1: more solute per litre) than ________ (hence, though it is said to be isotonic with blood in clinical contexts, this is a technical inaccuracy).
PlateletRed blood cellBloodBlood plasma

Question 2: Saline was believed to have originated during the Indian Blue ________ pandemic that swept across Europe in 1831.
Vibrio choleraePlague (disease)CholeraTyphoid fever

Question 3: In ________, saline (also saline solution) is a general term referring to a sterile solution of sodium chloride (NaCl, more commonly known as salt) in water but is only sterile when it is placed intravenously, otherwise, a saline solution is a salt water solution.
Specialty (medicine)SurgeryMedicinePhysician

Question 4: As the ________ (MW) of dextrose is greater, this has the same osmolality as normal saline despite having less sodium.
Atomic massMolecular massDeuteriumHydrogen

Question 5: The sterile solution is typically used for intravenous infusion, rinsing ________, nasal irrigation, and often used to clean a new piercing.
MyopiaAstigmatism (eye)Contact lensKeratoconus

Question 6: NS is used frequently in intravenous drips (IVs) for patients who cannot take fluids orally and have developed or are in danger of developing ________ or hypovolemia.
Diabetic ketoacidosisHyponatremiaDehydrationHypernatremia

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