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Saint Peter's Square: Quiz


Question 1: The ________ is the only obelisk in Rome that has not toppled since ancient Roman times.
Basilica of St. John LateranSt. Peter's BasilicaList of obelisks in RomeList of ancient monuments in Rome

Question 2: The spina which once occupied this grand avenue leading to the square was demolished ceremonially by ________ himself on October 23, 1936 and was completely demolished by October 8, 1937.
FascismAxis powersItalian FascismBenito Mussolini

Question 3: The paving is varied by radiating lines in ________, to relieve what might otherwise be a sea of cobblestones.

Question 4: In 1817 circular stones were set to mark the tip of the obelisk's shadow at noon as the sun entered each of the signs of the zodiac, making the ________ a gigantic sundial's gnomon.
Ramesses IIObeliskHeliopolis (ancient)Vatican City

Question 5: During the Middle Ages, the gilt ball on top of the obelisk was believed to contain the ashes of ________.
Julius CaesarRoman RepublicPompeyLucius Cornelius Sulla

Question 6: At the center of the ellipse stands an Egyptian obelisk of red ________, 25.5 meters tall, supported on bronze lions and surmounted by the Chigi arms in bronze, in all 41 meters to the cross on its top.
BasaltFelsicIgneous rockGranite

Question 7: The trapezoidal shape of the piazza, which creates a heightened perspective for a visitor leaving the basilica and has been praised as a masterstroke of ________ theater (illustration, below right), is largely a product of site constraints.
Western art historyBaroqueRenaissanceMannerism

Question 8: The Emperor Augustus had it moved to the Julian Forum of ________, where it stood until year 37 A.D., when Caligula ordered the forum demolished and the obelisk transferred to Rome.
Ancient GreeceAlexander the GreatGreeceAlexandria

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