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Renal physiology: Quiz

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Question 1: Renal physiology (Latin rēnēs, "kidney") is the study of the physiology of the ________.
Endocrine systemUrinary systemKidneyLiver

Question 2: Luminal ________ enzymatically converts H2CO3 into H2O and CO2
Cystathionine beta synthaseTryptophan synthaseCarbonic anhydraseFumarase

Question 3: Secretion of ________, which is a key part of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.
ErythropoietinVasopressinPlasma renin activityRenin

Question 4: Secretion of erythropoietin, which regulates red blood cell production in the ________.
Lymphatic systemBone marrowImmune systemHematopoietic stem cell

Question 5: Secretion of the active form of vitamin D (calcitriol) and ________.
EpinephrineProstaglandin analogueProstaglandinOxytocin

Question 6: A global assessment of renal function is often ascertained by estimating the rate of filtration, called the ________ (GFR).
Renal functionRenal physiologyAnion gapNephron

Question 7: This filtrate then flows along the length of the nephron, which is a tubular structure lined by a single layer of specialized cells and surrounded by ________.
CapillaryHeartArteryCirculatory system

Question 8: The kidney is directed to excrete or retain sodium via the action of ________, antidiuretic hormone (ADH, or vasopressin), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and other hormones.
EstradiolAldosteroneCortisolProgesterone

Question 9: Much of renal physiology is studied at the level of the ________, the smallest functional unit of the kidney.
Urinary systemBowman's capsuleNephronMedullary interstitium

Question 10: A simple means of estimating renal function is to measure pH, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and basic ________ (including sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate).
Fuel cellLead-acid batteryHalf cellElectrolyte







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