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Renal failure: Quiz


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Question 1: AoCRF, like AKI, can be difficult to distinguish from chronic kidney disease, if the patient has not been monitored by a ________ and no baseline (i.e., past) blood work is available for comparison.
PediatricsMedicinePhysicianMedical school

Question 2: ________ is also a well known cause of chronic kidney disease.
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidneyPolycystic kidney diseaseAutosomal recessive polycystic kidneyNephronophthisis

Question 3: Other factors which may help differentiate acute and chronic kidney disease include the presence of ________ and the kidney size on ultrasound.
Iron deficiency anemiaAplastic anemiaPernicious anemiaAnemia

Question 4: ________ (CKD) can develop slowly and show few initial symptoms, be the long term result of irreversible acute disease, or be part of a disease progression.
Diabetic nephropathyAcute kidney injuryChronic kidney diseaseRenal failure

Question 5: Long-term kidney problems have significant repercussions on other diseases, such as ________.
Cardiovascular diseaseCoronary artery aneurysmPneumopericardiumHeart disease

Question 6: Stage 5 CKD is considered a severe illness and requires some form of renal replacement therapy (________) or kidney transplant whenever feasible.
ICD-9-CM Volume 3SurgeryDialysisExtracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

Question 7: The second most common cause is long-standing, uncontrolled, ________.
HypertensionAtherosclerosisAortic dissectionEssential hypertension

Question 8: When the kidneys malfunction, problems frequently encountered are abnormal fluid levels in the body, deranged acid levels, abnormal levels of potassium, calcium, phosphate, hematuria (blood in the urine) and (in the longer term) ________.
Aplastic anemiaAnemiaIron deficiency anemiaPernicious anemia

Question 9: Renal failure can broadly be divided into two categories: ________ or chronic kidney disease.
Nephrotic syndromeAcute kidney injuryKidney stoneRenal tubular acidosis

Question 10: A build up of potassium in the blood that diseased kidneys cannot filter out (called ________) may cause:
HypokalemiaDiabetic ketoacidosisHyperkalemiaRenal tubular acidosis

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