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Reciprocating engine: Quiz


Question 1: Some designs have set the cylinders in motion around the shaft, see the ________.
Wankel engineRotary engineRadial engineTwo-stroke engine

Question 2: The piston is returned to the cylinder top (Top Dead Centre) either by a ________ or the power from other pistons connected to the same shaft.
FlywheelSteam engineTorqueEngine

Question 3: A ________ is often used to ensure smooth rotation.
Steam engineFlywheelEngineTorque

Question 4: The reciprocating engine developed in Europe during the 18th century, first as the ________ then later as the steam engine.
Watt steam engineNewcomen steam engineBeam engineThomas Newcomen

Question 5: Torpedoes do not need ________ as the gas, which may be produced by high test peroxide or Otto fuel II, is pressurised without combustion.

Question 6: Opposed-piston engines put 2 pistons working at opposite ends of the same cylinder and this has been extended into triangular arrangements such as the ________.
Two-stroke engineFour-stroke engineNapier DelticRotary engine

Question 7: ________ for a view of the thermodynamics involved in these engines.
Heat regenerative cyclone engineStirling engineHeat engineHot air engine

Question 8: Today the most common form of reciprocating engine is the internal combustion engine running on the combustion of petrol, diesel, ________ (LPG) or compressed natural gas (CNG) and used to power motor vehicles.
Liquefied petroleum gasPropaneMethanePassive fire protection

Question 9: In all types the linear movement of the piston is converted to a rotating movement via a ________ and a crankshaft or by a swashplate.
Manifold (automotive)Poppet valveFour-stroke engineConnecting rod

Question 10: Early designs used the D slide valve but this has been largely superseded by Piston valve or ________ designs.
Four-stroke engineConnecting rodOil pump (internal combustion engine)Poppet valve


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