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Rationality: Quiz

  
  

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Question 1: In ________, sociology, and political science, a decision or situation is often called rational if it is in some sense optimal, and individuals or organizations are often called rational if they tend to act somehow optimally in pursuit of their goals.
Heterodox economicsKeynesian economicsMoneyEconomics

Question 2: It is believed by some philosophers (notably ________) and experts, that a good rationale must be independent of emotions, personal feelings or any kind of instincts.
P. F. StrawsonPhilosophyAlfred Jules AyerA. C. Grayling

Question 3: Rationality is a central principle in ________, where a rational agent is specifically defined as an agent which always chooses the action which maximises its expected performance, given all of the knowledge it currently possesses.
Karl PopperDaniel DennettArtificial intelligenceRené Descartes

Question 4: The term rational is often used in psychotherapy and the concept of rationality is especially known in ________ originated and developed by American psychologist Albert Ellis.
Cognitive behavioral therapyMusic therapyPerson-centered therapyRational emotive behavior therapy

Question 5: ________ had distinguished theoretical from practical reason.
David HumeRené DescartesImmanuel KantGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Question 6: ________: "having sound judgment and practical implementation" (Webster's)
ReasonBertrand RussellEmpiricismAristotle

Question 7: In ________, rationality and reason are the key methods used to analyze the data gathered through systematically gathered observations.
David HumePolitical philosophyPhilosophyAristotle

Question 8: The German sociologist ________ proposed an interpretation of social action that distinguished between four different types of rationality.
Austrian SchoolKarl MarxMax WeberSocialism
















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