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Pulmonary edema: Quiz

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Question 1: In general, blood tests are performed for ________ (sodium, potassium) and markers of renal function (creatinine, urea).
Lead-acid batteryHalf cellElectrolyteFuel cell

Question 2: Low oxygen saturation and disturbed ________ readings may strengthen the diagnosis and provide grounds for various forms of treatment.
Base excessBUN-to-creatinine ratioArterial blood gasSerum osmotic gap

Question 3: The diagnosis is confirmed on ________ of the lungs, which shows increased fluid in the alveolar walls.
Radiation therapyIonizing radiationNuclear fusionX-ray

Question 4: ________, i.e., high-energy trauma
Tracheobronchial injuryPneumothoraxPneumoniaPulmonary contusion

Question 5: Neurogenic, e.g., ________
Cerebral hemorrhageIntracranial hemorrhageStrokeSubarachnoid hemorrhage

Question 6: Liver enzymes, inflammatory markers (usually ________) and a complete blood count as well as coagulation studies (PT, aPTT) are typically requested.
C-reactive proteinReference ranges for blood testsSerologyHaptoglobin

Question 7: When directly or indirectly caused by increased ________, pulmonary edema may appear when this pressure increases from the normal 15 mmHg[3] to above 25 mmHg.
Circulatory systemBlood pressureVasodilationRenin-angiotensin system

Question 8: It is due to either failure of the ________ to remove fluid from the lung circulation ("cardiogenic pulmonary edema") or a direct injury to the lung parenchyma ("noncardiogenic pulmonary edema").
TorsoCirculatory systemLymphatic systemHeart

Question 9: The patient is given high-flow oxygen, noninvasive ventilation (either ________ (CPAP) or variable positive airway pressure (VPAP)[11][12]) or mechanical ventilation in extreme cases.
Intensive-care medicinePositive airway pressureAcute respiratory distress syndromeNeonatal intensive-care unit

Question 10: Symptoms of pulmonary edema include difficulty breathing, coughing up blood, excessive sweating, ________, and pale skin.
Mental confusionEmotionAnxietyHostility







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