Question 2: ________ (1774) made
the first attempt to deduce a rule for the combination of
observations from the principles of the theory of probabilities.

Question 5: In
a sense, this differs much from the modern meaning of
probability, which, in contrast, is used as a measure of
the weight of empirical
evidence, and is arrived at from ________ and statistical inference.

Question 7: ________ shows that there has
been an interest in quantifying the ideas of probability for
millennia, but exact mathematical descriptions of use in those
problems only arose much later.

Question 10: ________ "It is
remarkable that a science which began with the consideration of
games of chance should have become the most important object of
human knowledge." Théorie Analytique des Probabilités,
1812.