# Probability: Quiz

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More interesting facts on Probability

Question 1: This means that ________ is required to describe nature.
StatisticsProbability theoryMathematical logicProbability distribution

Question 2: ________ (1774) made the first attempt to deduce a rule for the combination of observations from the principles of the theory of probabilities.
Leonhard EulerJoseph Louis LagrangeIsaac NewtonPierre-Simon Laplace

Question 3: In Kolmogorov's formulation (see ________), sets are interpreted as events and probability itself as a measure on a class of sets.

Question 4: ________ (1778) introduced the principle of the maximum product of the probabilities of a system of concurrent errors.
Johann BernoulliJacob BernoulliNicolaus II BernoulliDaniel Bernoulli

Question 5: In a sense, this differs much from the modern meaning of probability, which, in contrast, is used as a measure of the weight of empirical evidence, and is arrived at from ________ and statistical inference.
Logical positivismEmpiricismAristotleInductive reasoning

Question 6: The word probability derives from probity, a measure of the authority of a witness in a legal case in ________, and often correlated with the witness's nobility.
Western EuropeBalkansEastern EuropeEurope

Question 7: ________ shows that there has been an interest in quantifying the ideas of probability for millennia, but exact mathematical descriptions of use in those problems only arose much later.
LotterySlot machineGambling in the United StatesGambling

Question 8: ________, "It may be that the race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to the strong - but that is the way to bet."
Bob HopeLucille BallDamon RunyonFrank Sinatra

Question 9: The probability of failure may be closely associated with the product's ________.
Product liabilityConsumer protectionWarrantyImplied warranty

Question 10: ________ "It is remarkable that a science which began with the consideration of games of chance should have become the most important object of human knowledge." Théorie Analytique des Probabilités, 1812.
Isaac NewtonJoseph Louis LagrangePierre-Simon LaplaceLeonhard Euler