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Polycystic ovary syndrome: Quiz

  
  

Question 1: Other drugs with anti-androgen effects include flutamide and ________, both of which can give some improvement in hirsutism.
SpironolactoneTestosteroneEstradiolAminoglutethimide

Question 2: ________/Type II diabetes
Diabetic ketoacidosisInsulin resistanceEndocrine systemDiabetes mellitus type 1

Question 3: After ovulation the follicle remnant is transformed into a ________ producing corpus luteum, which shrinks and disappears after approximately 12–14 days.
TestosteroneEstrogenEstradiolProgesterone

Question 4: Ovulation may also be confirmed by testing for serum ________ in mid-luteal phase, approximately seven days after ovulation (if ovulation occurred on the average cycle day of fourteen, seven days later would be cycle day 21).
TestosteroneProgesteroneEstrogenEstradiol

Question 5: Dianette (a contraceptive pill containing ________) is also beneficial for hirsutism, and is therefore often prescribed in PCOS.
TestosteroneProgesteroneEstradiolCyproterone

Question 6: The principal features are obesity, anovulation (resulting in irregular menstruation), acne, and excessive amounts or effects of ________ (masculinizing) hormones.
EstrogenEstradiolAndrogenTestosterone

Question 7: Other causes of irregular or absent menstruation and hirsutism, such as ________, Cushing's syndrome, hyperprolactinemia, androgen secreting neoplasms, and other pituitary or adrenal disorders, should be investigated.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiencyCongenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11β-hydroxylase deficiencyCongenital adrenal hyperplasiaCongenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency

Question 8: In most instances, these symptoms are transient and only reflect the immaturity of the ________ during the first years following menarche.
EndocrinologyEndocrine systemHypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axisEndocrine gland

Question 9: Ovulation may be predicted by the use of urine tests that detect the preovulatory ________, called ovulation predictor kits (OPKs).
Follicle-stimulating hormoneLuteinizing hormoneEndocrine systemGonadotropin-releasing hormone

Question 10: Cyproterone acetate is a progestogen with anti-________ effects that blocks the action of male hormones that are believed to contribute to acne and the growth of unwanted facial and body hair.
EstradiolEstrogenAndrogenTestosterone
















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