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Ploidy: Quiz


Question 1: In ________ this renders this cell chromosomally equal to sperm or egg.
PrimateMammalMammal classificationEven-toed ungulate

Question 2: During ________, germ cell precursors have their number of chromosomes halved by randomly "choosing" one homologue, resulting in haploid gametes.
MitosisCell cycleMeiosisCell division

Question 3: This was one of the procedures used by Japanese researchers to produce Kaguya, a fatherless ________.
RatAnimalMouseHouse mouse

Question 4: The exact number of chromosomes may be one or two different from the 2 number yet the cell may still be classified as diploid (although with ________).
Down syndromeICD-10 Chapter XVII: Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalitiesAneuploidyChromosomal translocation

Question 5: Depending on growth conditions, ________ such as bacteria may have a chromosome copy number of 1 to 4, and that number is commonly fractional, counting portions of the chromosome partly replicated at a given time.
Gram-negative bacteriaCyanobacteriaGram-positive bacteriaProkaryote

Question 6: Diploid (indicated by 2x) cells have two homologous copies of each ________, usually one from the mother and one from the father.
AutosomeChromosomeChromosomal translocationKaryotype

Question 7: Examples include human foamy virus, human T-lymphotropic virus, and ________.
AIDSHIV and AIDS misconceptionsHIVSafe sex

Question 8: Most fungi and ________ are haploid during the principal stage of their life cycle.
AlgaeWild fisheriesPlantPhotosynthesis

Question 9: In humans, examples include having a single extra chromosome (such as ________), or missing a chromosome (such as Turner syndrome).
Down syndromeDiGeorge syndromeXYY syndromeTrisomy 18

Question 10: Gametes (germ cells, sex cells, ________, and ova) are haploid cells.
SpermSpermatozoonSexual reproductionFertilisation

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