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Pleural effusion: Quiz

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Question 1: ________ and culture to identify possible bacterial infections
Gram stainingAuramine OStainingAuramine-rhodamine stain

Question 2: What does the following picture show?

  Pleural effusion Chest x-ray of a pleural effusion. The arrow A shows fluid layering in the right pleural cavity. The B arrow shows the normal width of the lung in the cavity
  Instruments for needle biopsy of the pleura
  Micrograph of a pleural fluid cytopathology specimen showing malignant mesothelioma, one cause of a pleural effusion.
  Instruments for needle biopsy of the pleura

Question 3: The most common causes of transudative pleural effusions in the United States are left ventricular failure, and ________ (causing hepatic hydrothorax).
HepatitisCirrhosisHepatorenal syndromeAcute liver failure

Question 4: What does the following picture show?

  CT scan of chest showing left sided pleural effusion. Effusion fluid often settles at the lowest space due to gravity; here at the back as the patient is lying under scanner.
  Instruments for needle biopsy of the pleura
  Micrograph of a pleural fluid cytopathology specimen showing malignant mesothelioma, one cause of a pleural effusion.
  Pleural effusion Chest x-ray of a pleural effusion. The arrow A shows fluid layering in the right pleural cavity. The B arrow shows the normal width of the lung in the cavity

Question 5: Pleural effusion is usually diagnosed on the basis of medical history and physical exam, and confirmed by ________.
Chest radiographRadiologyX-ray computed tomographyMagnetic resonance imaging

Question 6: According to a ________, exudative pleural effusions meet at least one of the following criteria:[2]
Forest plotStatistical hypothesis testingMeta-analysisEffect size

Question 7: Chemical composition including protein, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), albumin, amylase, pH and ________
CarbohydrateSucroseGlucoseFructose

Question 8: What does the following picture show?

  The free end of the Chest Drainage Device is usually attached to an underwater seal, below the level of the chest. This allows the air or fluid to escape from the pleural space, and prevents anything returning to the chest.
  Pleural effusion Chest x-ray of a pleural effusion. The arrow A shows fluid layering in the right pleural cavity. The B arrow shows the normal width of the lung in the cavity
  CT scan of chest showing left sided pleural effusion. Effusion fluid often settles at the lowest space due to gravity; here at the back as the patient is lying under scanner.

Question 9: What does the following picture show?

  CT scan of chest showing left sided pleural effusion. Effusion fluid often settles at the lowest space due to gravity; here at the back as the patient is lying under scanner.
  Instruments for needle biopsy of the pleura
  Micrograph of a pleural fluid cytopathology specimen showing malignant mesothelioma, one cause of a pleural effusion.
  Pleural effusion Chest x-ray of a pleural effusion. The arrow A shows fluid layering in the right pleural cavity. The B arrow shows the normal width of the lung in the cavity

Question 10: What does the following picture show?

  Instruments for needle biopsy of the pleura
  CT scan of chest showing left sided pleural effusion. Effusion fluid often settles at the lowest space due to gravity; here at the back as the patient is lying under scanner.







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