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Plastid: Quiz

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Question 1: The plastome contains about 100 ________ encoding ribosomal and transfer ribonucleic acids (rRNAs and tRNAs) as well as proteins involved in photosynthesis and plastid gene transcription and translation.
GeneEvolutionDNAMutation

Question 2: ________ - Nucleus (and Nucleolus) - Endoplasmic reticulum - Golgi apparatus - Peroxisome - Parenthesome
Vesicle (biology)Cell (biology)Cell membraneCell wall

Question 3: In ________, the term leucoplast (leukoplast) is used for all unpigmented plastids.
PlantAlgaeWild fisheriesPhotosynthesis

Question 4: ________: for photosynthesis; see also etioplasts, the predecessors of chloroplasts
Cell wallPlant cellChloroplastPlastid

Question 5: Complex plastids start by secondary ________, when a eukaryote engulfs a red or green alga and retains the algal plastid, which is typically surrounded by more than two membranes.
DNAOrganismEndosymbiontBacteria

Question 6: In ________, plastids may differentiate into several forms, depending upon which function they need to play in the cell.
Red algaeFungusArchaeplastidaPlant

Question 7: Plastids are major ________ found in the cells of plants and algae.
OrganelleCell nucleusCell (biology)Mitochondrion

Question 8: Plastids are responsible for ________, storage of products like starch and for the synthesis have the ability to differentiate, or redifferentiate, between these and other forms.
AlgaePhotosynthesisPlantCell wall

Question 9: ________ also inherit plastids from only one parent.
PhotosynthesisWild fisheriesPlantAlgae

Question 10: Some ________ and sea slugs, particularly of the genus Elysia, take up algae as food and keep the plastid of the digested alga to profit from the photosynthesis; after a while the plastids are also digested.
ChromalveolateDinoflagellateCiliateZooxanthella







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