Plant tissue culture: Quiz

Question 1: Micropropagation is widely used in ________ and in floriculture.

Question 2: These tissues have high rates of cell division and either concentrate or produce required growth regulating substances including ________ and cytokinins.
Plant hormoneAuxinIndole-3-acetic acidCell wall

Question 3: For production of doubled monoploid (dihaploid) plants from haploid cultures to achieve homozygous lines more rapidly in breeding programmes, usually by treatment with colchicine which causes doubling of the ________ number.
ChromosomeAutosomeChromosomal translocationKaryotype

Question 4: Plant tissue culture is a practice used to propagate plants under sterile conditions, often to produce ________ of a plant.

Question 5: To cross-pollinate distantly related species and then tissue culture the resulting embryo which would otherwise normally die (________ Rescue).
FertilisationEmbryogenesisEmbryoPrenatal development

Question 6: Certain techniques such as ________ tip culture can be used to produce clean plant material from virused stock, such as potatoes and many species of soft fruit.
Flowering plantPlant stemMeristemPlant evolutionary developmental biology

Question 7: The production of plants from seeds that otherwise have very low chances of ________ and growing, i.e.: orchids and nepenthes.
Flowering plantEcologyGerminationAlgae

Question 8: The production of multiples of plants in the absence of seeds or necessary ________ to produce seeds.
PollinationFruitFlowerFlowering plant

Question 9: To cross distantly related ________ by protoplast fusion and regeneration of the novel hybrid.
EvolutionSpeciesLifeBiological classification

Question 10: Large-scale growth of plant cells in liquid culture inside bioreactors as a source of secondary products, like ________ used as biopharmaceuticals.
Genetic engineeringDNAPlasmidRecombinant DNA

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