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Pituitary gland: Quiz


Question 1: The arrangement in ________, which are amongst the most primitive of all fish, may indicate how the pituitary originally evolved in ancestral vertebrates.
Mordacia praecoxMordacia mordaxLampreyPouched lamprey

Question 2: It is a protrusion off the bottom of the hypothalamus at the base of the ________, and rests in a small, bony cavity (sella turcica) covered by a dural fold (diaphragma sellae).
Nervous systemBrainDigestionSensory system

Question 3: ________ (ADH, also known as vasopressin and AVP, arginine vasopressin), the majority of which is released from the supraoptic nucleus in the hypothalamus
OxytocinVasopressinCalcitoninCorticotropin-releasing hormone

Question 4:
What is the precursor of the Pituitary gland?
Neural tube and crest
neural and oral ectoderm, including Rathke's pouch
first pharyngeal pouch
Neural tube

Question 5: Hypothalamic hormones are secreted to the anterior lobe by way of a special ________ system, called the hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal system.
CapillaryArteryHeartCirculatory system

Question 6:
How do you write Pituitary gland in latin?
arteria vesicalis inferior
hypophysis, glandula pituitaria
processus uncinatus pancreatis
ganglia sacralia

Question 7: posterior pituitary: magnocellular/Paraventricular/Supraoptic (________/vasopressin)

Question 8: The conversion of food into ________ (metabolism)

Question 9: The anterior pituitary synthesizes and secretes important endocrine hormones, such as ACTH, TSH, PRL, GH, ________, FSH, and LH.

Question 10: The pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an ________ about the size of a pea and weighing 0.5 g (0.02 oz.).
Endocrine glandHypothalamusThyroidEndocrine system

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