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Philosophy of science: Quiz


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Question 1: ________, skepticism, and foundationalism are alternatives for dealing with the difficulty of grounding scientific theories in something more than observations.

Question 2: Early attempts by the ________ grounded science in observation while non-science was non-observational and hence nonsense.
Logical positivismAristotleNominalismScholasticism

Question 3: In psychology, a positivistic approach has historically been favoured in ________.
BehaviorismWilliam JamesWilhelm WundtEvolutionary psychology

Question 4: ________ argued that no description of scientific method could possibly be broad enough to encompass all the approaches and methods used by scientists.
Paul FeyerabendKarl PopperThomas HobbesImre Lakatos

Question 5: Engineering: Agricultural engineering  • ________  • Chemical engineering  • Civil engineering  • Computer engineering  • Electrical engineering  • Fire protection engineering  • Genetic engineering  • Industrial engineering  • Mechanical engineering  • Military engineering  • Mining engineering  • Nuclear engineering  • Software engineering • Test Engineering
Biomedical engineeringTissue engineeringMaterials scienceBiotechnology

Question 6: The predictions implied by those theories and models should be in agreement with ________.
PseudoscienceObservationDeterminismScientific method

Question 7: In his book ________ Kuhn argues that the process of observation and evaluation take place within a paradigm.
Isaac NewtonThe Structure of Scientific RevolutionsHistory of scienceAristotle

Question 8: No matter how many times 17th century biologists observed white ________, and in how many different locations, there is no deductive path that can lead them to the conclusion that all swans are white.
BirdSwanMute SwanAnatidae

Question 9: Classically, several of these questions were studied as part of ________ (for example, those about causality, determinism, and space and time).

Question 10: The philosophy of science has centered on physics for the last several centuries, and during the last century in particular, it has become increasingly concerned with the ultimate constituents of ________, or what one might call reductionism.

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