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Question 1: The reasoning and ________ of the Babylonians developed beyond empirical observation.
Rational choice theoryAlbert Ellis (psychologist)Jürgen HabermasRationality

Question 2: Investigations was influential in the development of "ordinary language philosophy", which was promoted by ________, J.L. Austin, and a few others.
Ludwig WittgensteinGottfried LeibnizGilbert RyleDonald Davidson (philosopher)

Question 3: Its most extreme exponent, however, was ________.
Immanuel KantDavid HumeGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich HegelFriedrich Nietzsche

Question 4: David Lewis, Saul Kripke, ________ and others took an interest in traditional metaphysical problems, which they began exploring by the use of logic and philosophy of language.
EthicsLudwig WittgensteinDerek ParfitColumbia University

Question 5: The latter position, developed by ________ and famously held by William of Ockham, is called conceptualism.
Peter AbelardBonaventureThomas AquinasDuns Scotus

Question 6: The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (10 vols.) edited by Edward Craig, ________ (available online by subscription); or
Luciano FloridiImmanuel KantLogicLudwig Wittgenstein

Question 7: The philosophy developed as a critique of ________ and his followers in particular, and of grand systems of speculative philosophy in general, though by no means all analytic philosophers reject the philosophy of Hegel (see Charles Taylor) nor speculative philosophy.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich HegelThomas AquinasFriedrich NietzscheImmanuel Kant

Question 8: Years later he would reverse a number of the positions he had set out in the Tractatus, in for example his second major work, ________ (1953).
AristotleAnalytic philosophyLudwig WittgensteinPhilosophical Investigations

Question 9: ________, in an influential paper, "Modern Moral Philosophy" (1958), revived virtue ethics as an alternative to what was seen as the entrenched positions of Kantianism and consequentialism.
Analytic philosophyBertrand RussellG. E. M. AnscombeLudwig Wittgenstein

Question 10: Other important applications can be found in epistemology, which aid in understanding the requisites for knowledge, sound evidence, and justified belief (important in law, economics, ________, and a number of other disciplines).
Decision theoryControl theoryInformation theoryCybernetics
















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