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Pentastomida: Quiz


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Question 1: The Pentastomida are an enigmatic group of ________ invertebrates commonly known as tongue worms due to the resemblance of the species of the genus Linguatula to a vertebrate tongue.
Dirofilaria immitisParasitismCatToxoplasmosis

Question 2: A recent morphological analysis [38] recovered Pentastomida outside the arthropods, as sister group to a clade including ________, priapulids and similar ecdyzoan 'worm' groups.

Question 3: Adult tongue worms vary from about 1 cm to 14 cm in length, and parasitize the respiratory tracts of ________ .

Question 4: Later work drew comparisons with millipedes and centipedes (________), with velvet worms (Onychophora) and water bears (Tardigrada).

Question 5: Tongue worms grow by moulting, which suggests they belong to ________, while other work has identified the arthropod-like nature of their larvae [28].

Question 6: Some authors interpreted tongue worms as essentially intermediate between ________ and arthropods, while others suggested that they deserved a phylum of their own.

Question 7: Exceptionally preserved, three dimensional and phosphatised fossils from the Upper ________ Orsten of Sweden [39] and the Cambrian/Ordovician boundary of Canada [40] have been identified as pentastomids.
CambrianCambrian explosionDevonianGeologic time scale

Question 8: The possibility that tongue worms are crustaceans can be traced back to the work of Pierre-Joseph Van Beneden [29] who compared them to parasitic ________.

Question 9: This article follows Martin and Davis [36] in placing Pentastomida in the class Maxillopoda within the subphylum ________.

Question 10: Frölich [1], ________ [2], Karl Asmund Rudolphi [3], Karl Moriz Diesing [4] and Rudolph Leuckart [5].
GermanyAlexander von HumboldtBerlinMadrid


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