Papal bull: Quiz

Question 1: Nowadays, a member of the ________ signs the document on behalf of the Pope, usually the Cardinal Secretary of State, and thus the monogram is omitted.
Catholic ChurchRoman Catholic theologyCatholicismRoman Curia

Question 2: This article incorporates text from the entry Bulls and Briefs in the public-domain ________ of 1913.
Catholic ChurchCatholic EncyclopediaUnited StatesPope John Paul II

Question 3: the bull of ________ convoking the Second Vatican Council, still receive the lead seal.
Pope Paul VIPope John Paul IPope John Paul IIPope John XXIII

Question 4: Any subject may be treated in a bull, and many were and are, including statutory decrees, episcopal appointments, dispensations, excommunications, apostolic constitutions, ________ and convocations.
PopeCanonizationPope Benedict XVIPope John Paul II

Question 5: This was then attached to the document either by cords of ________ (in the case of letters of justice, and executory) or by red and yellow silk (in the case of letters of grace) that was looped through slits in the vellum of the document.

Question 6: There has never been an exact distinction of usage between a bull and a brief, but nowadays most letters, including ________, are issued as briefs.
Pope John Paul IIPope Pius XIEncyclicalPope Paul VI

Question 7: Original papal bulls exist in quantity only after the eleventh century onward when the transition from fragile ________ to the more durable parchment was made.
EgyptOxyrhynchus PapyriPapyrusAncient Egypt

Question 8: A Papal bull is a particular type of letters patent or charter issued by a ________.
Pope Benedict XVICatholic ChurchPopePope John Paul II

Question 9: The most distinctive characteristic of a bull was the metal seal, which was usually made of lead, but on very solemn occasions was made of ________ (as Byzantine imperial deeds often were).

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