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Panic attack: Quiz


Question 1: Alcohol, medication or drug withdrawal — Various substances both prescribed and unprescribed can cause panic attacks to develop as part of their withdrawal syndrome or ________.
Rebound effectBenzodiazepineHypnoticBenzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome

Question 2: [citation needed] This response floods the body with hormones, particularly ________ (adrenaline), that aid it in defending against harm.

Question 3: This leads to an increased heart rate (tachycardia), rapid breathing (hyperventilation) which may be perceived as shortness of breath (________), and sweating (which increases grip and aids heat loss).
CoughHemoptysisPleurisyShortness of breath

Question 4: A panic attack can cause ________ to be drawn away from the brain and towards the major muscles.
Blood sugarReference ranges for blood testsBlood plasmaGlycated hemoglobin

Question 5: This leads to a release of ________ (epinephrine) which brings about the so-called fight-or-flight response wherein the person's body prepares for strenuous physical activity.

Question 6: Chronic and/or serious illness — Cardiac conditions that can cause sudden death such as Long QT syndrome; ________ or Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome can also result in panic attacks.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathyAtrial fibrillationCatecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardiaArrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia

Question 7: For example one study albeit in the elderly found that the consumption of benzodiazepines combined with analgesics in elderly men is correlated with an increased risk of dying of ________ in a small study.
Myocardial infarctionCoronary artery diseaseIschaemic heart diseaseAcute coronary syndrome

Question 8: Many who experience a panic attack, mostly for the first time, fear they are having a ________ or a nervous breakdown.
Coronary artery diseaseHeart failureMyocardial infarctionIschaemic heart disease

Question 9: Often the onset of shortness of breath and chest pain are the predominant symptoms, the sufferer incorrectly appraises this as a sign or symptom of a ________.
Ischaemic heart diseaseMyocardial infarctionCoronary artery diseaseHeart failure

Question 10: Hyperventilation syndrome — Breathing from the chest may cause overbreathing, exhaling excess carbon dioxide in relation to the amount of oxygen in one's ________.
Circulatory systemHeartMyocardial infarctionFetal circulation

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