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Orthostatic hypotension: Quiz

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Question 1: head (________)
Cerebral aneurysmCarotid artery stenosisCerebral venous sinus thrombosisVascular disease

Question 2: abdomen (May-Thurner syndrome, Portal vein thrombosis, ________, Renal vein thrombosis)
Budd-Chiari syndromeEsophageal varicesPortal hypertensionHepatic veno-occlusive disease

Question 3: primarily lower limb (________)
Pulmonary embolismBudd-Chiari syndromeCerebral venous sinus thrombosisDeep vein thrombosis

Question 4: Recently, a common but underdiagnosed condition that is suspected to be closely related to orthostatic hypotension is spontaneous intracranial hypotension, which results from ________ leakage.
Cerebrospinal fluidChoroid plexusMeningesArachnoid granulation

Question 5: In some cases, physical counterpressure such as elastic hose (________) or whole-body inflatable suits may be required.
CorsetStockingBikiniUndergarment

Question 6: People suffering from ________ and bulimia nervosa often suffer from orthostatic hypotension and it is a common side effect of these mental illnesses.
Major depressive disorderBody dysmorphic disorderAnorexia nervosaEating disorders

Question 7: They are consequences of insufficient ________ and cerebral perfusion (blood supply).
Blood pressureRenin-angiotensin systemCirculatory systemVasodilation

Question 8: Orthostatic hypotension can be a side effect of certain anti-depressants, such as tricyclics[8] or ________.
Tetracyclic antidepressantMonoamine oxidase inhibitorTricyclic antidepressantPardoprunox

Question 9: Some drugs that are used in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension include fludrocortisone (Florinef) and ________ to aid in fluid retention, and vasoconstrictors like midodrine.
VasopressinReninErythropoietinAtrial natriuretic peptide

Question 10: Still, the blood pressure does not normally fall very much, because it immediately triggers a ________ (baroreceptor reflex), pressing the blood up into the body again.
VasodilationVasoconstrictionTubuloglomerular feedbackAngiotensin







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