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Organochloride: Quiz

  

Question 1: They are typically denser than ________ due to the presence of high atomic weight of chlorine.
EarthWater resourcesWaterOxygen

Question 2: Secondary and tertiary alcohols react with the Lucas reagent (zinc chloride in concentrated ________) to give the corresponding alkyl halide; this reaction a method for classifying alcohols:
Sulfuric acidHydrogen chlorideEthanolHydrochloric acid

Question 3: When chlorinated solvents, such as ________, are not disposed of properly, they accumulate in groundwater.
ChloromethaneCarbon tetrachlorideDichloromethaneChloroform

Question 4: Heating alkyl halides with ________ or water gives alcohols.
Sodium hypochloriteSodium carbonateSodium hydroxideSodium sulfate

Question 5: For example, the industrial production of chloroethane proceeds by the reaction of ________ with HCl:
AlkaneEthyleneChloroformAlkene

Question 6: Dioxins, produced when organic matter is burned in the presence of chlorine, and some insecticides such as ________ are persistent organic pollutants which pose dangers when they are released into the environment.
EndosulfanPesticideDDTCarbaryl

Question 7: ________ (PCBs) were once commonly used electrical insulators and heat transfer agents.
PolystyrenePolychlorinated biphenylBisphenol APlastic

Question 8: An organochloride, organochlorine, chlorocarbon, chlorinated hydrocarbon, or chlorinated solvent is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded ________ atom.
ChlorineHydrogenOxygenNitrogen

Question 9: [1][2] Chlorinated organic compounds are found in nearly every class of biomolecules including alkaloids, terpenes, ________, flavonoids, steroids, and fatty acids.
Amino acidMetabolismAmino acid synthesisL-DOPA

Question 10: These can be either hydrophilic or ________ depending on their molecular structure.
HydrophileSuperhydrophobeChemical polarityHydrophobe
















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